The developers would have you believe that the land they propose to industrialise is poor and that they can improve its biodiversity by covering 151 acres with glass and steel. But, here is their list of invertebrates, birds and mammals observed (“a snapshot”) at the site. There will certainly be more!
August Thorn August Thorn Ennomos quercinaria – UKMoths
Autumnal Rustic https://www.ukmoths.org.uk/species/eugnorisma-glareosa
Beaded Chestnut Beaded Chestnut Agrochola lychnidis – UKMoths
Brindled Beauty Pale Brindled Beauty Phigalia pilosaria – UKMoths
Brown Hairstreak UK Butterflies – Brown Hairstreak – Thecla betulae
Buff Ermine Buff Ermine Spilosoma lutea – UKMoths
Centre-barred Sallow Centre-barred Sallow Atethmia centrago – UKMoths
Dingy Mocha Dingy Mocha Cyclophora pendularia – UKMoths
Dingy Skipper UK Butterflies – Dingy Skipper – Erynnis tages
Dusky Brocade Dusky Brocade Apamea remissa – UKMoths
Dusky Thorn Dusky Thorn Ennomos fuscantaria – UKMoths
Ear Moth Ear Moth Amphipoea oculea – UKMoths
Figure of Eight Figure of Eight Diloba caeruleocephala – UKMoths
Garden Tiger Garden Tiger Arctia caja – UKMoths
Ghost Moth Ghost Moth Hepialus humuli – UKMoths
Grass Rivulet Grass Rivulet Perizoma albulata – UKMoths
Green-brindled Crescent Allophyes oxyacanthae – UKMoths
Grey Dagger Grey Dagger Acronicta psi – UKMoths
Grizzled Skipper UK Butterflies – Grizzled Skipper – Pyrgus malvae
Heath Rustic Heath Rustic Xestia agathina – UKMoths
Knot Grass Knot Grass Acronicta rumicis – UKMoths
Large Nutmeg Large Nutmeg Apamea anceps – UKMoths
Large Wainstnte Large Wainscot Rhizedra lutosa – UKMoths
Marsh Fritillary UK Butterflies – Marsh Fritillary – Euphydryas aurinia
Minor Shoulder-knot Minor Shoulder-knot Brachylomia viminalis – UKMoths
Mottled Rustic Mottled Rustic Caradrina morpheus – UKMoths
Mouse Moth Mouse Moth Amphipyra tragopoginis – UKMoths
Oak Hook-tip Oak Hook-tip Watsonalla binaria – UKMoths
Oak Lutestring Oak Lutestring Cymatophorina diluta – UKMoths
Pale Eggar Pale Eggar Trichiura crataegi – UKMoths
Powdered Quaker Powdered Quaker Orthosia gracilis – UKMoths
Rosy Minor Rosy Minor Litoligia literosa – UKMoths
Rosy Rustic Rosy Rustic Hydraecia micacea – UKMoths
September Thorn September Thorn Ennomos erosaria – UKMoths
Shaded Broad-bar Shaded Broad-bar Scotopteryx chenopodiata – UKMoths
Shoulder-striped Waincot Shoulder-striped Wainscot Leucania comma – UKMoths
Small Blue Small Blue Cupido minimus – UKMoths
Small Emarald Small Emerald Hemistola chrysoprasaria – UKMoths
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus UK Butterflies – Small Heath – Coenonympha pamphilus
Small Phoenix Ecliptopera silaceata Small Phoenix Ecliptopera silaceata – UKMoths
Small Square-spot Diarsia rubi Small Square-spot Diarsia rubi – UKMoths
Sprawler Asteroscopus sphinx The Sprawler Asteroscopus sphinx – UKMoths
Wall Lasiommata megera UK Butterflies – Wall – Lasiommata megera
White Admiral Limenitis Camilla UK Butterflies – White Admiral – Limenitis camilla
White Ermine Spilosoma lubricipeda White Ermine Spilosoma lubricipeda – UKMoths
Common buzzard Buzzard (Buteo buteo) – British Birds – Woodland Trust
Corn bunting Corn bunting | The Wildlife Trusts
Fircrest Firecrest | The Wildlife Trusts
Grey wagtail Grey wagtail | The Wildlife Trusts
Herring gull Herring gull | The Wildlife Trusts
House sparrow Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) – Woodland Trust
Long-tailed tit Long-Tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus) – Woodland Trust
Magpie Magpie | The Wildlife Trusts
Marsh tit Marsh tit | The Wildlife Trusts
Mistle thrush Mistle Thrush – British Birds – Woodland Trust
Pheasant Pheasant | The Wildlife Trusts
Red-legged partridge Red-legged partridge | The Wildlife Trusts
Skylark Skylark | The Wildlife Trusts
Song thrush Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos) – Woodland Trust
Widgeon Wigeon | The Wildlife Trusts
Yellow hammer Yellowhammer | The Wildlife Trusts
Common Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus Common pipistrelle – Wikipedia
Daubenton’s Myotis daubentonii Daubenton’s bat – Wikipedia
Lesser horseshoe Rhinolophus hipposideros Lesser horseshoe bat – Wikipedia
Long-eared Plecotus Ssp. Plecotus – Wikipedia
Myotis Ssp. Myotis Ssp. The Bats of Britain (bris.ac.uk)
Nathusius’ pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii Nathusius’s pipistrelle – Wikipedia
Noctule Nyctalus noctule Common noctule – Wikipedia
Serotine Eptesicus serotinus Serotine bat – Wikipedia
Soprano pipistrelle Pipistrellus pygmaeus Soprano pipistrelle – Wikipedia
Field Survey – The registrations from nine bat species were recorded from within the site.
Activity, even of the more common bat species, was low. Activity was concentrated along field boundaries, especially where there were drainage features and around trees.
Occasional flights over the fields were noted by the surveyor; these were predominantly pipistrelle bats foraging c. 5 to 10 m from field boundaries, or occasional noctule bats commuting at height.
Pipistrelle species dominated the bat activity recorded within the site, collectively representing 88% of all registrations recorded during the transect surveys (of those 73% of pipistrelle registrations were common pipistrelle; 11% soprano pipistrelle; with the remainder being unidentified pipistrelle).
Species recorded at low levels of activity were noctule and serotine. Other species were rare, each representing less than 0.5% of total bat registrations. The results of the remote detector surveys were broadly similar to the manual transect surveys, with the addition of two further species at very low activity levels – Nathusius’ pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii and lesser horseshoe Rhinolophus hipposideros (Table 5).
Protection levels EPS European Protected Species includes species from Bird (1979), Hab(1992) and HR(2010) W&C (1981) or WCA species included in the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) Schedules 1(birds), 5(animals) and 8(plants) Hab (1992) European Protected Species from Habitats and Species Directive II and IV HR (2010) or Hab 2/4 Habitats Regulations (1994) includes those now covered by Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations (2010) PBA (1992) species protected by the Protection of Badgers Act (1992) S41 NERC (2006) Species of Principle Importance in England, NERC
River Lydden SE 02/02/2021 09:40 – 11:00 Complete list Weather comments: Dry, hardly any wind temp about 10 deg C. fully overcast and there had been significant rain in the previous week. Grounds were generally very wet with standing water in many places. Visit comments: Using 10×42 bins Some good hedges and wet ditches, small streams. Grass was all improved grassland and on one side the field were largely stubble from Maize crop last year One scrubby plantation of willow, not woodlands. Noticeable by their absence in the South East area compared to the North West area, but also compared to areas not many miles away were a variety of song birds including Bullfinch, Linnet, Coal Tit, Wrens and Yellowhammers. A couple of flocks of about 40 birds not identified as too far off. Possibly larks.
Species recorded (Birds): 29 Blackbird (9) Blue Tit (10) Carrion Crow (20) Chaffinch (3) Collared Dove (2) Common Gull (43) Flying over Dunnock (7) Fieldfare (5) Goldfinch (2) Great Tit (7) Herring Gull (3) House Sparrow (20) Jackdaw (4) Long-tailed Tit (1) Mallard (40) Circling after disturbed from the river course Meadow Pipit (10) In ones and twos Mistle Thrush (1) Pheasant (3) Pied Wagtail (yarrellii) (1) Raven (2) Red-legged Partridge (7) Redwing (90) In flocks of 30 or 40, plus a few small groups. Mostly flying out from trees or hedges, or just flying over Robin (9) Rook (30) Feeding is a rich meadow by Cannings CourtSkylark (5) Song Thrush (5) Starling (66) some singletons, several in flocks flying round Woodpigeon (7) Wren (3) Species recorded (Mammals): 3 Badger Mole Rabbit (1
River Lydden NW 02/02/2021 08:45 – 12:00 Complete list Weather comments: Dry fully overcast, occasional glimpse of sun. Minimal wind temp about 9 deg C. Very wet underfoot, lying water in many fields and gateways. River Lydden flowing strongly but within the banks. Large numbers of Red Legged Partidge in the area of Micanthius and scrubby grass, used for shooting at East Pulham Farm.
The farmer there reported seeing a lot of owls now, including Tawny, Barn and another brown one. He puts in a major programme to eradicate rats. Visit comments: 10×42 bins Hedges had generally not been cut this year and one farmer said that he aims to cut some of his ones in summer, not sure of timing in view of bird nesting.
Species recorded (Birds): 31 Blackbird (10) Blue Tit (16) Bullfinch (2) Buzzard (1) Carrion Crow (10) Chaffinch (7) Coal Tit (1) Cormorant (1) Down near the river Dunnock (7) Fieldfare (20) typically in small flocks of about 5, perched in trees and bushes and flying over Great Tit (7) Grey Wagtail (1) House Sparrow (33) Around house gardens and farm buildings Jackdaw (15) Linnet (1) Long-tailed Tit (1) Magpie (3) Mallard (12) Mostly on the pond at East Pulham Farm, but two by the river Meadow Pipit (11) Across the area in ones and twos Mistle Thrush (2) Pheasant (12) Pied Wagtail (yarrellii) (2) Red-legged Partridge (45) Redwing (40) mostly flocks flying over with stops in trees, not foraging, but berries had gone Robin (15)Rook (22) Song Thrush (1) Sparrowhawk (1) Starling (63) mostly in flocks flying over Woodpigeon (25) Wren (3) Species recorded (Mammals): 3 Badger Mole Roe Deer (2
Biodiversity is important for its own sake and has its own intrinsic value. A number of ground-breaking studies such as the National Ecosystems Assessment (NEA) have shown this value also goes further. It is the building block of our ‘ecosystems’. These provide us with a wide range of goods and services that support our economic and social wellbeing. These include essentials such as food, fresh water and clean air, but also less obvious services such as protection from natural disasters, regulation of our climate, and purification of our water or pollination of our crops. Biodiversity also provides important cultural services, enriching our lives.