Proposed Solar site is biodiverse

Autumnal Rustic – Eugnorisma_glareosa ( ‘glareose,’ quite appropriate for panels that glint!)

The developers would have you believe that the land they propose to industrialise is poor and that they can improve its biodiversity by covering 151 acres with glass and steel. But, here is their list of invertebrates, birds and mammals observed (“a snapshot”) at the site. There will certainly be more!


Common name

August Thorn August Thorn Ennomos quercinaria – UKMoths

Autumnal Rustic

Beaded Chestnut Beaded Chestnut Agrochola lychnidis – UKMoths


Brindled Beauty  Pale Brindled Beauty Phigalia pilosaria – UKMoths

Brown Hairstreak UK Butterflies – Brown Hairstreak – Thecla betulae

Buff Ermine Buff Ermine Spilosoma lutea – UKMoths

Centre-barred Sallow Centre-barred Sallow Atethmia centrago – UKMoths

Cinnabar  The Cinnabar Tyria jacobaeae – UKMoths

Dingy Mocha Dingy Mocha Cyclophora pendularia – UKMoths

Dingy Skipper  UK Butterflies – Dingy Skipper – Erynnis tages

Dot Moth  Dot Moth Melanchra persicariae – UKMoths

Dusky Brocade  Dusky Brocade Apamea remissa – UKMoths

Dusky Thorn  Dusky Thorn Ennomos fuscantaria – UKMoths

Ear Moth  Ear Moth Amphipoea oculea – UKMoths

Figure of Eight  Figure of Eight Diloba caeruleocephala – UKMoths

Forester  Cistus Forester Adscita geryon – UKMoths

Garden Tiger  Garden Tiger Arctia caja – UKMoths

Ghost Moth  Ghost Moth Hepialus humuli – UKMoths

Grass Rivulet  Grass Rivulet Perizoma albulata – UKMoths

Green-brindled Crescent  Allophyes oxyacanthae – UKMoths

Grey Dagger  Grey Dagger Acronicta psi – UKMoths

Grizzled Skipper  UK Butterflies – Grizzled Skipper – Pyrgus malvae

Heath Rustic  Heath Rustic Xestia agathina – UKMoths

Knot Grass  Knot Grass Acronicta rumicis – UKMoths

Large Nutmeg Large Nutmeg Apamea anceps – UKMoths

Large Wainstnte  Large Wainscot Rhizedra lutosa – UKMoths

Marsh Fritillary  UK Butterflies – Marsh Fritillary – Euphydryas aurinia

Minor Shoulder-knot  Minor Shoulder-knot Brachylomia viminalis – UKMoths

Mottled Rustic Mottled Rustic Caradrina morpheus – UKMoths

Mouse Moth Mouse Moth Amphipyra tragopoginis – UKMoths

Oak Hook-tip Oak Hook-tip Watsonalla binaria – UKMoths

Oak Lutestring Oak Lutestring Cymatophorina diluta – UKMoths

Pale Eggar Pale Eggar Trichiura crataegi – UKMoths

Powdered Quaker Powdered Quaker Orthosia gracilis – UKMoths

Rosy Minor Rosy Minor Litoligia literosa – UKMoths

Rosy Rustic Rosy Rustic Hydraecia micacea – UKMoths

Rustic The Rustic Hoplodrina blanda – UKMoths

Sallow The Sallow Cirrhia icteritia – UKMoths

September Thorn September Thorn Ennomos erosaria – UKMoths

Shaded Broad-bar Shaded Broad-bar Scotopteryx chenopodiata – UKMoths

Shoulder-striped Waincot   Shoulder-striped Wainscot Leucania comma – UKMoths

Small Blue Small Blue Cupido minimus – UKMoths

Small Emarald Small Emerald Hemistola chrysoprasaria – UKMoths

Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus  UK Butterflies – Small Heath – Coenonympha pamphilus

Small Phoenix Ecliptopera silaceata Small Phoenix Ecliptopera silaceata – UKMoths

Small Square-spot Diarsia rubi Small Square-spot Diarsia rubi – UKMoths

Sprawler Asteroscopus sphinx The Sprawler Asteroscopus sphinx – UKMoths

Wall Lasiommata megera  UK Butterflies – Wall – Lasiommata megera

White Admiral Limenitis Camilla UK Butterflies – White Admiral – Limenitis camilla

White Ermine Spilosoma lubricipeda  White Ermine Spilosoma lubricipeda – UKMoths


Barn owl – Wikipedia

Black redstart – Wikipedia

Eurasian bullfinch – Wikipedia

Cuckoo – Wikipedia

Dunnock – Wikipedia

Fieldfare – Wikipedia

Eurasian hobby – Wikipedia

House sparrow – Wikipedia

Marsh tit – Wikipedia

Merlin (bird) – Wikipedia

Kite (bird) – Wikipedia

Redwing – Wikipedia

Common reed bunting – Wikipedia

Eurasian skylark – Wikipedia

Song thrush – Wikipedia

Spotted flycatcher – Wikipedia

Starling – Wikipedia

Tree pipit – Wikipedia

Anna Ventura


Blackbird  Blackbird (Turdus merula) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Blue tit  Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Brambling Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) – Woodland Trust

Bullfinch Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Carrion crow  Rook, crow or raven? How to tell them apart – Woodland Trust

Chaffinch Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Chiffchaff Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) – Woodland Trust

Common buzzard Buzzard (Buteo buteo) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Corn bunting Corn bunting | The Wildlife Trusts

Dunnock Dunnock (Prunella modularis) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Fieldfare Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Fircrest Firecrest | The Wildlife Trusts

Goldfinch Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Great tit  Great Tit (Parus major) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Greenfinch British Finches: An Identification Guide – Woodland Trust

Grey wagtail  Grey wagtail | The Wildlife Trusts

Herring gull Herring gull | The Wildlife Trusts

House sparrow Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) – Woodland Trust

Kestrel  Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Linnet British Finches: An Identification Guide – Woodland Trust

Long-tailed tit Long-Tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus) – Woodland Trust

Magpie  Magpie | The Wildlife Trusts

Marsh tit   Marsh tit | The Wildlife Trusts

Mistle thrush  Mistle Thrush – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Pheasant  Pheasant | The Wildlife Trusts

Red-legged partridge  Red-legged partridge | The Wildlife Trusts

Redwing Redwing (Turdus iliacus) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Robin Robin (Erithacus rubecula) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

Skylark  Skylark | The Wildlife Trusts

Snipe Snipe | The Wildlife Trusts

Song thrush Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos) – Woodland Trust

 Starling   Starling – British Birds – Woodland Trust

 Wheatear Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) – British Birds – Woodland Trust

 Widgeon  Wigeon | The Wildlife Trusts

 Wren  Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) – Woodland Trust

 Yellow hammer Yellowhammer | The Wildlife Trusts


Northern crested newt – Wikipedia


European hare – Wikipedia

Brown long-eared bat – Wikipedia

Common pipistrelle – Wikipedia

Badger – Wikipedia

Otter – Wikipedia

European water vole – Wikipedia

Eurasian harvest mouse – Wikipedia

Nathusius’s pipistrelle – Wikipedia

Serotine bat – Wikipedia

Soprano pipistrelle – Wikipedia

Hedgehog – Wikipedia

Common Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus  Common pipistrelle – Wikipedia

Daubenton’s Myotis daubentonii  Daubenton’s bat – Wikipedia

Lesser horseshoe Rhinolophus hipposideros  Lesser horseshoe bat – Wikipedia

Long-eared Plecotus Ssp. Plecotus – Wikipedia

Myotis Ssp. Myotis Ssp. The Bats of Britain (

Nathusius’ pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii Nathusius’s pipistrelle – Wikipedia

Noctule Nyctalus noctule Common noctule – Wikipedia

Noctule Bat (Nyctalus noctula) – Woodland Trust

Serotine Eptesicus serotinus Serotine bat – Wikipedia

Soprano pipistrelle Pipistrellus pygmaeus Soprano pipistrelle – Wikipedia

Field Survey – The registrations from nine bat species were recorded from within the site.

Activity, even of the more common bat species, was low. Activity was concentrated along field boundaries, especially where there were drainage features and around trees.

Occasional flights over the fields were noted by the surveyor; these were predominantly pipistrelle bats foraging c. 5 to 10 m from field boundaries, or occasional noctule bats commuting at height.

Pipistrelle species dominated the bat activity recorded within the site, collectively representing 88% of all registrations recorded during the transect surveys (of those 73% of pipistrelle registrations were common pipistrelle; 11% soprano pipistrelle; with the remainder being unidentified pipistrelle).

Species recorded at low levels of activity were noctule and serotine. Other species were rare, each representing less than 0.5% of total bat registrations. The results of the remote detector surveys were broadly similar to the manual transect surveys, with the addition of two further species at very low activity levels – Nathusius’ pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii and lesser horseshoe Rhinolophus hipposideros (Table 5).

Protection levels EPS European Protected Species includes species from Bird (1979), Hab(1992) and HR(2010) W&C (1981) or WCA species included in the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) Schedules 1(birds), 5(animals) and 8(plants) Hab (1992) European Protected Species from Habitats and Species Directive II and IV HR (2010) or Hab 2/4 Habitats Regulations (1994) includes those now covered by Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations (2010) PBA (1992) species protected by the Protection of Badgers Act (1992) S41 NERC (2006) Species of Principle Importance in England, NERC


River Lydden SE 02/02/2021 09:40 – 11:00 Complete list Weather comments: Dry, hardly any wind temp about 10 deg C. fully overcast and there had been significant rain in the previous week. Grounds were generally very wet with standing water in many places. Visit comments: Using 10×42 bins Some good hedges and wet ditches, small streams. Grass was all improved grassland and on one side the field were largely stubble from Maize crop last year One scrubby plantation of willow, not woodlands. Noticeable by their absence in the South East area compared to the North West area, but also compared to areas not many miles away were a variety of song birds including Bullfinch, Linnet, Coal Tit, Wrens and Yellowhammers. A couple of flocks of about 40 birds not identified as too far off. Possibly larks.

 Species recorded (Birds): 29 Blackbird (9) Blue Tit (10) Carrion Crow (20) Chaffinch (3) Collared Dove (2) Common Gull (43) Flying over Dunnock (7) Fieldfare (5) Goldfinch (2) Great Tit (7) Herring Gull (3) House Sparrow (20) Jackdaw (4) Long-tailed Tit (1) Mallard (40) Circling after disturbed from the river course Meadow Pipit (10) In ones and twos Mistle Thrush (1) Pheasant (3) Pied Wagtail (yarrellii) (1) Raven (2) Red-legged Partridge (7) Redwing (90) In flocks of 30 or 40, plus a few small groups. Mostly flying out from trees or hedges, or just flying over Robin (9) Rook (30) Feeding is a rich meadow by Cannings CourtSkylark (5) Song Thrush (5) Starling (66) some singletons, several in flocks flying round Woodpigeon (7) Wren (3) Species recorded (Mammals): 3 Badger Mole Rabbit (1

River Lydden NW 02/02/2021 08:45 – 12:00 Complete list Weather comments: Dry fully overcast, occasional glimpse of sun. Minimal wind temp about 9 deg C. Very wet underfoot, lying water in many fields and gateways. River Lydden flowing strongly but within the banks. Large numbers of Red Legged Partidge in the area of Micanthius and scrubby grass, used for shooting at East Pulham Farm.

The farmer there reported seeing a lot of owls now, including Tawny, Barn and another brown one. He puts in a major programme to eradicate rats. Visit comments: 10×42 bins Hedges had generally not been cut this year and one farmer said that he aims to cut some of his ones in summer, not sure of timing in view of bird nesting.

Thank you Anna Ventura

Species recorded (Birds): 31 Blackbird (10) Blue Tit (16) Bullfinch (2) Buzzard (1) Carrion Crow (10) Chaffinch (7) Coal Tit (1) Cormorant (1) Down near the river Dunnock (7) Fieldfare (20) typically in small flocks of about 5, perched in trees and bushes and flying over Great Tit (7) Grey Wagtail (1) House Sparrow (33) Around house gardens and farm buildings Jackdaw (15) Linnet (1) Long-tailed Tit (1) Magpie (3) Mallard (12) Mostly on the pond at East Pulham Farm, but two by the river Meadow Pipit (11) Across the area in ones and twos Mistle Thrush (2) Pheasant (12) Pied Wagtail (yarrellii) (2) Red-legged Partridge (45) Redwing (40) mostly flocks flying over with stops in trees, not foraging, but berries had gone Robin (15)Rook (22) Song Thrush (1) Sparrowhawk (1) Starling (63) mostly in flocks flying over Woodpigeon (25) Wren (3) Species recorded (Mammals): 3 Badger Mole Roe Deer (2

Biodiversity is important for its own sake and has its own intrinsic value. A number of ground-breaking studies such as the National Ecosystems Assessment (NEA) have shown this value also goes further. It is the building block of our ‘ecosystems’. These provide us with a wide range of goods and services that support our economic and social wellbeing. These include essentials such as food, fresh water and clean air, but also less obvious services such as protection from natural disasters, regulation of our climate, and purification of our water or pollination of our crops. Biodiversity also provides important cultural services, enriching our lives.

© 2022

One thought on “Proposed Solar site is biodiverse

  1. I filmed an otter in the River Lydden within a couple of fields of the proposed site.


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