Save Hardy’s Vale

An uninterrupted panoramic view from the Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty across Hardy’s Vale

DEVELOPER ASKED TO ‘LOOK AGAIN!’

In our Letters of Representation to Dorset Council, objecting to the North Dairy Farm Solar proposal, we made the point that the developers had consistently, and significantly, underestimated the detrimental visual impact the solar generating plant would have on the surrounding valued landscape,

The SHV expert assessment noted: “The site is located in a landscape that is highly sensitive to large-scale solar PV development and although the proposals include mitigation measures, I do not consider that these measures would satisfactorily offset the moderate-high adverse magnitude of change which would occur. This would result in a significant change in the character of the local landscape and would also potentially adversely affect the setting of the Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)”.

The applicant has now been asked by Dorset Council to provide some additional images, taken from public viewpoints, to widen the scope and inform their landscape Visual Impact Assessment (LVIA). This means that they will need to wait to take some more photos during the winter months. So a decision on this controversial application is not likely until the early part of 2022.

We understand that in the event that the Case Officer recommends the development be approved, that the application will be presented at the Dorset Strategic Committee for the Council Members to consider.

The ‘Save Hardy’s Vale’ Landscape Statement and Letters of Representation are available below.

© 2021

The Save Hardy’s Vale community group has written a letter of representation to Dorset Council opposing the solar development, on material planning grounds. The documents are available here:

1.   SHV LOR ( MAIN DOCUMENT) with Annex 1. Landscape Statement Report Summary 

2. SHV Landscape Statement A prepared by Phillip Hanson CMLI of The Landscape Practice

3. SHV Landscape Statement B prepared by Phillip Hanson CMLI of The Landscape Practice.

4.   Heritage Submission – Wyvern Heritage and Landscape – Emma Rouse MCIfA MA BA Hons

5.   SHV Memorandum on Flooding and Run-off

6.   SHV Memorandum on Ecology and Biodiversity

7.   CPRE Report Renewable Energy Projections – David Peacock

8.   Cook and McCuen Hydrologic-Response-of-Solar-Farms

9. SHV Memorandum to the Case Officer ( BSR Rebuttals & flooding and drainage issues ) Sent 14th November.

From bridleway N52/5 the site can be seen – indicated in red.

TLP Viewpoint 5
Nature of the View: Minor Road at the head of public bridleway N52/5, Dorset AONB and Wessex Ridgeway

From minor road on the north side of Bulbarrow Hill on the chalk escarpment by Rawlsbury Camp iron age fort scheduled monument and within the Dorset AONB. The very popular and well used Wessex Ridgeway long distance path follows the lane at this point. Forming part of a panoramic view, the proposed development Site is viewed at a distance but it lies centrally within the vale which is the focus of the view northwards. This view is taken approximately 400m north east of the applicants submitted Photo Viewpoint 5, the only illustrated view from the escarpment, which shows an unrepresentative glimpsed view towards the Site.

Recreational users and motorists – the former will most likely be walking the long distance footpath for the recognised views over the vale. Some motorists may be using this route to take in recognised views over the vale.

The 190-acre industrial-sized electricity generation plant would be in full view from the highly protected North Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and on agricultural land which is prone to flooding. The proposed site is in a highly valued landscape that Dorset Council are considering should be designated as a National Park. It is within the impact zone of the Blackmoor Vale Commons and Moors Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), Rooksmoor Copse SAC, and Alner Gorse Butterfly Reserve.

The industrial sized electricity development would be in full view from the nationally protected Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and on agricultural land which is prone to flooding. (site is indicated in red in the image at the top of this page)

The proposed site is in an area which Dorset Council considers to be very highly sensitive to large scale development.

Dorset planning policy 4.27 requires that “hard surfaces should be avoided and wherever possible removed through development.” It is proposed by the developers to increase the hard surfacing on the site by installing approximately 71 acres of impervious PV panels. That is approximately equivalent to the hard surfaces of 3800 new homes. (On average 2300 are built in Dorset each year.) Imagine all those homes without drainage systems, on a green field site that surface floods, surrounded by high risk flood zones and roads that are often made impassable by unpredicted flash flooding. It just would not be allowed – would it?

The Environment Agency flood map of the area around the North Dairy Farm Solar proposed development. The circles show where the roads flood.

A view from public footpath N46/19 with the solar panels indicated in red
The viewpoint is located on the public footpath on a small knoll just south of the proposed development Site. A wide view of the Site is
visible over a wide area and in varying degrees over approximately 600m of the footpath. The view angle shown is approximately 135
degrees. Boywood Farm is located on the right hand side of the photograph. The image only shows 4 of the 11 fields of panels.

The application P/FUL/2021/01018 and support documents are available on Dorset Council’s planning register Please note that when visiting the register that you first have to ‘accept’ the Council’s Copywrite and Disclaimer conditions at the bottom left of their web page. You can then select the ‘View Documents’ tab.

Here are some example letters of objection

Another letter of objection to the North Dairy Farm Solar development, sent to the planners by the Dorset Ramblers about their concerns, is an excellent example.

BNPS.co.uk (01202) 558833. Pic: CorinMesser/BNPS Pictured: The area which will be covered by the solar farm if the plans go ahead. Plans to build a huge solar power farm over the landscape that inspired author Thomas Hardy have been met with growing opposition. The industrial-sized plant would see some 150,000 panels cover 190 acres of Dorset countryside.

Case Officer: Simon McFarlane – Major Projects Officer Email: Simon.McFarlane@dorsetcouncil.gov.uk
Support Officer Mrs Jackie Witt – Planning Technical Support Team Leader – Northern Area Email: planningteamd@dorsetcouncil.gov.uk Tel: 01305 838336

Or you can write to:

Case Officer: Simon McFarlane – Major Projects Officer Planning Team D Development Services South Walks House
South Walks Road
Dorchester
Dorset
DT1 1UZ

Remember to include the application number: P/FUL/2021/01018

Your support is needed to avoid the UNNECESSARY industrial destruction in the Blackmore Vale!

Please visit ‘ ‘Writing to the planners‘ and ‘Why refuse the application

Planning an objection If you want to write a good quality planning objection letter, the best place to start is with all of the facts. The best place to find them in is in the planning application, which is held (online) in the Council’s planning office.

Next you’ll need a basis of objection founded on valid, material planning reasons. Hearsay, speculation, allegation and rumour need to be completely ignored – focus on the facts and you’re half way there! Remember, a strong opinion does not make it a fact!

It is the soundness of the points, particularly regarding material planning considerations, that are raised, rather than the number of comments, which are important in the planning Case Officer’s assessment of the application and the final decision.

In writing a letter of objection, the biggest mistake can be making your letter too personal. It is tempting to do that when you feel strongly or outraged about the proposal. But it will only weaken your case if you include points that have no relevance to the lawful planning guidelines that planners will weigh the proposal against.

More information about writing a letter of objection to the planners

Here are some example letters of objection

Wind generation costs us less carbon than solar

On a windy, dull April morning, wind accounted for 51% of UK electricity generation (coal at 0%) with a remarkably low overall carbon intensity of 35 gCO2/kWh – and Solar is providing 7%. – at a  carbon cost of 110 gCO2/kWh. – 4.4 times as much.

The proposed site is in a landscape area that Dorset Council are considering designating as a National Park.

The Brown Hare provides one one of Britain’s greatest wildlife spectacles – boxing March hares. Take the footpaths that cross the proposed solar development on North Dairy Farmland and you might just be lucky to watch as the females ‘box’ the ears off their prospective suitors! Brilliant drawing by Anna Ventura https://www.annaventuraartist.com/

It’s the ‘biggest’ Hardy called it the Vale of the little dairies. The proposed solar power station cannot be called ‘little’. In fact it would be ‘a giant’. A mile from north to south and two thirds of a mile east to west. Covering green fields equivalent in area to nearly 105 Wembley Stadium football pitches! But, the developer’s claim that ‘it will hardly be visible’ in the environmentally sensitive landscape is completely at odds with Dorset Council’s opinion that “The development is likely to result in a marked change to a significant area of the Blackmore Vale landscape when viewed from high viewpoints in the AONB.”

In and out of the AONB The proposed giant solar plant, with nearly 9.5 kilometres of perimeter and internal security fence and 123 x 6 metre high camera posts (every 50 metres or so), if approved, would cause visual harm to the surrounding highly valued landscape, to the setting of the nationally protected Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and to two Conservation Areas. The site would be completely changed from from a rural, to an incongruous industrial one.

The numerous uninterrupted panoramic views from public roads, footpaths and bridleways which run through the site and along the escarpments above the vale, (views from within and into the designated areas) would suffer significant visual harm.  The high escarpments of AONB also form the backdrop to the proposed site and the surrounding villages – two of which are Conservation areas peppered with significant heritage assets.

Our cultural heritage Thomas Hardy called the area surrounding the proposed site the Vale of the Little Dairies. It is not just Angel Clare who walks the paths and byways of the beautiful Blackmore Vale! Many come from around the world, carrying their thumbed copy of ‘Tess’. and following Angel’s path. There are plenty of good lines from Hardy describing the vista from the escarpment which the traveller  is “surprised and delighted to behold”. Those looking out from the high footpaths which surround the site will be suppressed to see 14 inverter and transformer units dotted about what was green fields!

The wrong time? – and definitely in the wrong place! Increasing the amount of energy from renewable and low carbon technologies is helping to make sure the UK has a secure energy supply and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to slow down climate change. Planning has an important role in the delivery of new renewable and low carbon energy infrastructure in locations where the local environmental impact is acceptableHardy’s Vale is not an environmentally acceptable location.

“There is a balance to strike between the need to secure our energy future while preserving the UK’s natural environment for future generations.” Offshore wind is an important clean energy source for the UK, and can provide a considerable source of ‘home-grown’ energy with minimal CO2 emissions. The energy produced is also significantly cheaper per kW than solar.

Multiply this by 190 acres!

Coal generation has fallen by close to 60% and accounted for just 2% of UK electricity last year – less than solar. Some 54% of electricity generation in the UK is now from low-carbon sources, including 37% from renewables and 20% from wind alone.

A ‘long , uninterrupted view’ into the Dorset Area of outstanding Natural Beauty, from a public footpath in the highly valued landscape of the proposed development site.

What bad timing! The Prime Minister announced (6th October) that, in future, off-shore wind turbines will provide for the green energy needs of all homes in the country. How foolish it would be to trash 190 acres of food productive farmland when Government has announced this policy change. The Green Party puts offshore wind at the top of its list of low carbon energy production. The high cost solar power station proposal comes at the wrong time – and certainly would be in the wrong place!

Here is a Gov UK ‘Carbon Calculator‘ prediction of the UK’s energy generation mix through to 2050. After 2040 Solar (in red) plays almost no part. Wind, Biomass and Nuclear provide for almost all the UK’s energy needs.

The MacKay Carbon Calculator
The levels of ambition
Teacher resources
The project
Contact us

Reduction in carbon intensity.
Carbon intensity of electricity generation decreased by 55% between 2008 and 2018, from 535 gCO2/kWh to 245 gCO2kWh. That reflects a shift away from coal towards gas and renewable generation). Nuclear also contributes to low-carbon electricity generation. In 1990, coal generated 80% of UK electricity. Following the ‘dash-for-gas’, that share dropped to 30% where it remained stable until the early 2010s. The introduction of the carbon price floor in 2013, alongside air quality legislation, initiated the phase-out of coal-fired generation. This has contributed to sustained emissions reductions in the sector of 14 MtCO2 per year on average since 2013.

Energy generation is now low carbon Low carbon energy has helped the UK to almost eliminate the use of coal for electricity generation over the last 10 years. The carbon intensity of generation decreased by 55% between 2008 and 2018, from 535 gCO2/kWh to 245 gCO2/kWh. That reflects a shift away from coal towards gas and renewable generation – and offshore wind is set to supply low carbon energy to all UK homes by 2030.

As I write (on a windy, dull Sunday morning) wind accounts for 51% of UK electricity generation (coal at 0%) – with a remarkably low overall carbon intensity of 35 gCO2/kWh – and Solar is providing 7%. – at a  carbon cost of 110 gCO2/kWh. – 4.4 times as much.

Here is the UK’s energy generation mix right now!

Buildings and transport – the biggest sources of greenhouse gas emissions But, our drive for carbon net zero is being undermined. Emissions from buildings and transport have flatlined over the last 10 years. If we don’t have effective programmes to tackle this, we have no hope of meeting the net zero target” and will waste the huge low carbon ‘gains’ made by generation industry.

Biodiversity is key to the survival of life on Earth. Its loss deprives future generations of irreplaceable genetic information and compromises sustainability. The recent National Ecosystem Assessment also shows just how much nature provides for us in this country. For example, the enormous value of the countryside to water quality., the value of pollination to agriculture, the health benefits of experiencing nature and, not least, how nature and wildlife enrich all our lives. The proposed site is surrounded by the river catchment area which feeds the Stour.

Bournemouth University studies have shown that of four future scenarios, ranging from high investment in nature recovery to high agricultural intensification, the highest economic returns are found by investing in nature.

Reduction in people’s emotional connection to nature Fencing off 190 acres depletes ‘nature’ and would create an industrial landscape.

Nature depletion is also making it harder for people to connect with nature. Forming an emotional connection with nature and retaining memories of the enjoyment of nature are important factors in maintaining mental health. It is also an important determinant in forming pro-environmental behaviour, essential for the wellbeing of future generations.

Good quality natural landscapes, which have a high ecological value, have also been shown to reduce stress and sadness, lift poor mood, and make us feel better, with the relationship being strongest for anxiety disorder and depression.

In terms of physical health, our use of our natural world, particularly greenspace, is associated with lower rates of disease, reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.  People who frequently visit high quality green space are more likely to be physically active and less likely to be overweight or obese. The health benefits of green spaces have been known across the world for time immemorial. 

Our fabulous countryside is under pressure from climate change and inappropriate development. Your interest is vital, if the towns, villages and very special landscapes of North Dorset are to be protected and enhanced for everyone to enjoy into the future.

It is humbling and exciting to think of the characters that have stood there over the centuries, enjoying a view that has barely changed.

Unacceptable harm The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) paragraph 98 states that when determining planning applications for renewable energy developments, local authorities should not require applicants for energy development to demonstrate the overall need for renewable or low carbon energy and also recognise that small-scale projects provide a valuable contribution to cutting greenhouse gas emissions and approve the application if its impacts are (or can be made) acceptable.

This is not a small scale project and we believe the proposed solar development would cause unacceptable and, in the light of the Government’s low carbon energy policy, unnecessary harm the setting of the Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and the valued landscape surrounding the proposed 190 acre site.

An impression of the proposed giant solar farm

Greening North Dorset Dorset’s farmers play a vital role in helping the county to produce more green energy. Biomass technology has and continues to be an effective way to produce green energy and green fields. Whether it is energy crops such as Miscanthus or maize or agricultural by-products such as manure or slurry; all can be transformed through the use of anaerobic digesters into energy. Green energy for a green planet and a green Hardy’s Vale. The Government already provides financial incentives for landowners to improve the biodiversity of the countryside.

See how much green energy (including Biomass) is being produced now.

Greta is right! Most of us know that the climate crisis is real. We recognise the urgent need to switch to renewable energy and to continue the rapid move away from fossil fuels. But, like many who care about the Dorset countryside and its cultural heritage, we also believe that photovoltaic panels should be on roofs, and brownfield sites, saving on transmission costs by being near main roads and close to where the generated energy is needed. We should not be covering productive farm fields and harming highly valued Conservation Areas and protected landscapes, especially in the astonishingly beautiful countryside of North Dorset.

‘There is a balance to strike between the need to secure our energy future, and clean up our energy sector – while preserving the UK’s agricultural landscapes and natural environment for future generations.’

‘Wind turbines can produce far more power than solar panels. A large-sized wind turbine is able to generate the same amount of power as almost 50,000 solar panels.’

‘We may not have Mediterranean clear blue skies, but the UK is blessed with coastal wind.’

‘Energy produced at night can be stored or used to generate energy (e.g., pumped storage) or to produce fuel, for example Hydrogen by electrolysis.’

Offshore wind: part of the UK’s energy mix – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

The end of coal ! In recent years, offshore wind has been a remarkable success story; the UK is a world leader, with around 10 gigawatts now deployed and operational. Offshore generation costs have plummeted. Some of the Contracts for Difference Auctions saw bids of under £40 per megawatt hour so helping keep the electricity costs for UK consumers under control.

Low carbon energy has helped the UK to almost eliminate the use of coal for electricity generation over the last 10 years. The carbon cost (carbon intensity) of electricity has fallen dramatically during the past decade and that trend is set to continue.

For today’s energy mix and carbon intensity see: UK Generation (rensmart.com)

Let’s go green! When viewed from above (e.g. from the surrounding escarpments ) the Blackmore Vale appears quite uniform – a large expanse of green, lush, low-lying land which Dorset Council notes is “highly sensitive to larger developments”.  The Vale’s fields (as Hardy said) should be green – not shiny black!

Here are links to more information about Dorset’ s AONB and ‘Hardy’s ‘Tess’ and the Vale Of the Little Dairies’.

A glaring mistake! The developers, who hoped to apply for planning permission in February (now submitted) suggest in their preliminary landscape assessment, that the solar arrays would hardly be seen – just glimpsed here and there! This is simply not so. The huge development will be seen from many public viewpoints in the surrounding, and highly protected Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). At its closest, the AONB is only 1250 metres away. The visual harm the development would cause, to the Conservation Areas and the AONB’s setting in the landscape, are considerations in law the Council simply have to give ‘great weight’ to in the planning balance.

A glint in the eye! Pretending that 151 acres of Photovoltaic glass panels will not be obviously seen is a bit daft! Some solar arrays can be seen from space and anyone who has (in pre COVID times!) looked down from an aircraft will confirm, that when the sun reflects off the solar panels – even those with ‘non reflective’ coatings, The glare can be easily seen from 12.5 kilometres and more!

Despite the developer’s claims, we believe that walkers, or horse riders using the bridleways to the south, will have a clear view of the very large, incongruous industrial development – especially when the panels glint in the sunshine – or moonlight! From the public foot paths that run through and close to the site, the character of the views and tranquil soundscape will be destroyed! 

The views of Bulbarrow, Nettlecombe Tout and Dungeon Hill,  from the footpath N46/20 that runs across the site will be obliterated by huge 3 metre high solar panel metal supports, inverters, fencing and a small forest of over 120 x 6 metre high pole mounted security CCTV cameras.

Well, we could screen! Attempting to hide the visual harm is possible. Screening by vegetation though can be seasonal and may not be effectively in place for the lifetime of the scheme —particularly if not under the control of the same owner. But, no amount of screening will hide 190 acres of black glass and security fencing from the public viewing places along the AONB ridges that surround Hardy’s Vale and the proposed development site.

Harms the setting of the AONB The management team, of Dorset’s Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, have the overall objective of conserving the patterns and features that contribute to the rural, tranquil landscape of small-scale pastoral fields, winding lanes and small scattered settlements. Without doubt, the proposed solar farm would cause significant harm to the setting of the protected landscape.

Greater weight to local landscape issues Renewable energy targets should not be allowed to override concerns about the damage solar farms can do to the landscape. As Mrs Justice Lang ruled: ‘As a matter of law it is not correct to assert that the national policy promoting the use of renewable resources negates the local landscape policies’.

The CPRE report (30the June 2019) by D E Peacock (Bsc (Eng) ARSM AMIME CIC PhD showed that North Dorset had exceeded its 2020 renewable energy target.

An expert view The proposed development cannot be successfully assimilated into the receiving valued landscape. It will be visually intrusive because of its industrial character and scale and will be harmful to the setting of heritage assets and to the character of the wider landscape.


Ref: P/FUL/2021/01018 Case Officer: Simon McFarlane

Email: planningteamd@dorsetcouncil.gov.uk

Support Officer Jackie Witt – Area: NC –

Email: planningteamd@dorsetcouncil.gov.uk

(Tel 01258 484223)

You can write or type your objection and post it to: Case Simon McFarlane Planning Team D South Walks House
South Walks Road
Dorchester
Dorset
DT1 1UZ – your signature will NOT be displayed online.

An objection – What should I say?

It is important that each response is seen as separate and the view of an individual objector, rather than a recycling of a template letter or pre-determined objections.

Here is our guide to writing a letter to the planning Officers.

If you want to help protect the countryside, in and around the Vale of Blackmore, do let us know via Email at; friends@savehardysvale.com or send us a message here

Planning your objectionone more time! If you want to write a good quality planning objection letter, the best place to start is with all of the facts. The best place to find them in is in the planning application, which is held (online) in the Council’s planning office.

Next you’ll need a basis of objection founded on valid, material planning reasons. Hearsay, speculation, allegation and rumour need to be completely ignored – focus on the facts and you’re half way there! Remember, a strong opinion does not make it a fact!

It is the soundness of the points, particularly regarding material planning considerations, that are raised, rather than the number of comments, which are important in the planning Case Officer’s assessment of the application and the final decision.

In writing a letter of objection, the biggest mistake can be making your letter too personal. It is tempting to do that when you feel strongly or outraged about the proposal. But it will only weaken your case if you include points that have no relevance to the lawful planning guidelines that planners will weigh the proposal against.

More information about writing a letter of objection to the planners

Learn more about the Blackmore Vale here

Being a ‘Friend of Save Hardy’s Vale’ is easy! Just let us know about your interests in the Vale and Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. You can contribute to our Web site or Facebook page or simply just keep yourself informed by following our Posts.

To help protect the countryside in the Blackmore Vale just send us an email at;  friends@savehardysvale.com  – or send a  message here.

How much solar energy is being produced right now ? – by wind, nuclear, gas etc.

Guidance from Dorset Campaign to Protect Rural England

Local Generation and Storage of Electricity

Dorset CPRE Report on Dorset Local Authorities Renewable Energy Projections 31 December 2019 

Dorset CPRE Report on Dorset Local Authorities Renewable Energy Projections Excel File 31 December 2019

Dorset CPRE – Dorset Council Local Plan 2021 Renewable Energy Issues – minor update 13th March 2021 

The developer’s preliminary assessments

Waiting for the application (and Spring) to arrive
Ink & Sketches – Anna Ventura Artist

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